Causation n. The act of causing or producing an effect or a result.
Cause n. 1 An action, event, or force that produces or contributes to an effect or result. 2 The ground or reason for a choice made or action taken. 3 A matter to be decided by a court.
But-for cause. A cause without which the events or results that follow could not occur. Also called causa sine qua non.
Concurrent cause. 1 One of multiple causes that simultaneously produce an effect or result that no single cause could. 2 One of multiple causes that simultaneously produce an effect or result that any one of the causes could have produced alone.
For cause. In support of a request made or an action taken.